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the laws which restrict the right to obtain an abortion, or limit the period of pregnancy during which an abortion may be performed, are a wholly unjustified violation of a womans. In other words, without the ability to act and learn from the use of the capacities given, one is not deemed a person. She argued that fetuses do not meet any of these criteria, therefore they cannot be persons, and cannot have moral standing, and so abortion is acceptable. Peter Singer 's, the Moral of the Story: An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature 2 and, bernard Gert 's, bioethics: A Systematic Approach. She was a professor of philosophy. Thus it is clear that even though a seven- or eight-month fetus has features which make it apt to arouse in us almost the same powerful protective instinct as is commonly aroused by a small infant, nevertheless it is not significantly more personlike than. One reason why this vital second question is so frequently overlooked in the debate over the moral status of abortion is that the term human has two william shakespeare research paper introduction distinct, but not often distinguished, senses. And if it is used in two different senses then of course the conclusion doesnt follow. While she might prefer that it die, rather than being raised by others, it is not clear that such a preference would constitute a right on her part.
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The belief that moral strictures against killing should apply equally to all genetically human entities, and only to genetically human entities, is such an error. As Vaclav Havel, former Czech President (October 2001) observed: Corruption may either deter investment or render it less productive through its adverse impact on the risk and cost of doing ere appears to be worrisome evidence of a perception of high levels of corruption. Reprinted in Mappes and DeGrazia 2001: 461-463, (1982) Warren, Mary Anne, "The Moral Difference Between Infanticide and Abortion: A Response to Robert Card". Thus, in the relevant respects, a fetus, even a fully developed one, is considerably less personlike than is the average mature mammal, indeed the average fish. All we need to claim, to demonstrate that a fetus is not a person, is that any being which satisfies none of (1)-(5) is certainly not a person. She stated that at least some of these are necessary, if not sufficient, criteria for personhood (which is necessary and sufficient for moral standing). Furthermore, I think that on reflection even the antiabortionists ought to agree not only that (1)-(5) are central to the concept of personhood, but also that it is a part of this concept that all and only people have full moral rights. Thus, according to Warren, they have no right to life and abortion is always permissible. Nor would he be obligated to stay if he had gotten captured (thus bringing all these people-potentials into existence) because of his own carelessness, or even if he had done so deliberately, knowing the consequences. we may call this the moral sense of human. Consequently, a womans right to protect her health, happiness, freedom, and even her life, by terminating an unwanted pregnancy, will always override whatever right to life it may be appropriate to ascribe to a fetus, even a fully developed one.
Mary anne warren on abortion essays
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