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top and an inverted funnel shape on the bottom. Tailor it to the scope of your issue, not to a multi-volume set. One particularly interesting variation is the. Perhaps they're also of interest to some of my readers. The subject of the essay should be fairly narrow even as it is introduced. Handbook for Writers: Excellence in Literature. On page 70 of Sheridan Baker, The Complete Stylist and Handbook (New York: Harper and Row, 1980 appears a diagram representing the structure of a standard essay. In this way, the reader is reminded of the essay's controlling idea, what the writer has been trying to inform or to persuade the reader about. This keyhole illustrates the relationship of the three major divisions of the expository essay: the introduction (funnel shape on the top the body (round center and the conclusion (the inverted funnel shape on the bottom). An appropriate thesis on this same subject of "unusual pets" might be, "Bears make horrible pets because they are loud, dirty, and dangerous." This thesis presents the subject (bears as pets) and an attitude toward that subject (that they are horrible pets it also adds. Drew's site for explanation, and one might wish to investigate his site further, for he appears to have put a great deal of thought into essay writing, enough to have made a business. The first section of the essay, the introduction, consists of a single introductory "funnel" paragraph which presents the subject of the essay first and then, gradually, narrows that subject before introducing the thesis statement the essay's controlling idea near the end of the paragraph.
You can see other variations of the keyhole essay organizer at this post on Gypsy Scholar, or by looking at the image results in a Google search. Here is a variation, adapted from a version published at the now-vanished Grammar and Composition wikispace. Present Weakest Argument First, lead Up to Strongest Argument, the Last in the Body of the Essay. As you work with this graphic organizer, perhaps you will come up with a variation of your own! The thesis statement is not just the final sentence in the paragraph. By restating the thesis, the conclusion presents once again the essay's subject: it brings the subject "full-circle" just as the keyhole image suggests. Use a provocative"tion, ask a rhetorical question, relate a dramatic episode. The Keyhole Method will help you achieve the basic elements of sound essay writing: unity, persuasive essays for macbeth coherence (logical organization and development (explanation or support of your main idea with reasons and examples). Next up is Keyhole 2, by Janice Campbell: More detailed, but its details are not so precisely placed,.g., the words "Supporting Paragraphs" have displaced the position of "Thesis"!
Foolproof Essay Introduction Tricks - - part of 10 Days to Teaching Writing Series. For more on this subject, see our handout on introductions. Five-paragraph essays often lack an argument.